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Bougainville Archive

This page carries October 1998's Bougainville news updates. You can find the latest updates here, and more archives here

If you don't know what all this is about, Bougainville - The long struggle for freedom tells the whole story of the colonialisation, successful revolution and continuing war being waged against the life of Bougainville by western governments on behalf of corporations.


Index: October 1998


Independence Still on Discussion List for Bougainville

THE question of self rule for Bouganville will never perish and PNG will just have to know how to handle it, said Chief Ombudsman Simon Pentanu at the launching of Sean Dorney's book titled The Sandline Affair yesterday.

According to Mr Pentanu, the book would help the readers to understand that the question of political future of Bouganville is not, and never has been, just a matter of winning the war or agreeing on a ceasefire - neither is it a matter of life and death for many Bouganvilleans.
"In my view the question of self rule or self determination or independence will never ever go away ... (and) we just have to know how to handle it" said Mr Pentanu. "The author reminds Papua New Guineans that objectively, successive PNG governments have not handled the Bouganville question very well at all - there has been little genuine understanding or appreciation of the issues, too many non-negotiable statements, not enough genuine and effective listening, not enough stopping to think things through."

But the book reminds everyone how easy it was for a decision as momentous as engagement of Sandline to be made on the whim of a few political leaders. The book concedes that corruption is a powerful force on its own "and what the Sandline story is telling us perhaps, that in this country, our leaders and politicians are the driving force of the industry."

According to Mr Pentanu, the crisis has shown the people of PNG that conflicts cannot be solved by means of arms as Sandline was meant to achieve in Bouganville, but rather they can be resolved through peacefull means.

Source: POSTCOURIER (PNG) Newspaper - 9 October 98

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Sinato's Close Call

BOUGAINVILLE Transitional Government Premier Gerard Sinato escaped unhurt an attack by a knife-wielding young man yesterday morning.

Mr Sinato who took over as premier of Bougainville after the assassination of the first post-crisis premier Theodore Miriung in 1995, managed to fight off his attacker on board his banana boat as he was travelling from Kokopau, across the Buka Passage to work about 8am. According to the Premier's office in Buka, Mr Sinato who left for West Coast Bougainville after the attack, was unhurt, but was obviously shaken.

There was no immediate explanation of the attack allegedly carried out by a young man who was among a group of three men who had confronted Mr Sinato and his boat operator. The men wanted the Premier and his boat operator to give them the boat so they could travel to their village on the West Coast of Bougainville. One of the men attacked Mr Sinato just as the boat was speeding off causing the two men to fall into the sea where they struggled. The young man pulled out a knife while in the sea and attacked the Premier. However, Mr Sinato grabbed his attacker and turned the attack on the man who stabbed himself in the struggle. The attacker and his companions escaped in another boat to the mainland. They had allegedly hijacked the other boat at knife point.

Recalling the incident yesterday afternoon, Mr Sinato said the attack appeared to stem from frustration more than anything. The three young men were part of a combined BRA/Resistance security force contingent for Kokopau. They were left behind at Kokopau on Tuesday and early yesterday commandeered a boat which they were running around in until they stopped Mr Sinato and demanded he give them his boat. "I don't think it was politically motivated nor was it an assassination attempt" he said. "I think it was just frustrated young men." He said he was completely shaken by the surprise attack.

Source: BLAISE NANGOI in Buka

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Meeting to Discuss Bougainville Govt

THE Bougainville leaders meeting in Buka today is expected to give a clear indication of the composition of the new Bougainville Reconciliation Government.

Leaders from the province are meeting in Buka's Hutjena High School today to allow the province's four MPs to brief other Bougainvillean leaders on a proposed by-partisan push they have sponsored aimed at establishing an elected government in Bougainville by June 1999. The four John Momis (Regional), Bougainville Affairs Minister Sam Akoitai (Central) Deputy National Parliament speaker Michael Ogio (North Bougainville) and Michael Laimo (South) arrived in Buka on Wednesday for the meeting. They are to be joined by the BIG/BRA group led by Joseph Kabiu accompanied by a 17-man delegation for the talks. The BTG's team will include all its 11 ministers and council of elders chairmen and their deputies. The meeting is expected to deal extensively with the question of membership of the BRA.

During a formal briefing for the four MPs in Buka on Wednesday, Mr Akoitai appealed for unity in the talks which Mr Momis told colleagues, the issue of the note of the interim BRA from January 1999 should not hinder discussions on the issue. He added membership of the interim BRG, before the elections should be as representative as possible adding, fair representation was the key.

The meeting is to be briefed on the peace process in the province by the comamnder of the Peace Monitoring Group and will also take on a joint statement from the four MPs before the issue of the BRG composition is introduced.
The meeting is expected to iron out friction over assumptions by the BIG/BRA that the bi-partisan push by the for MPs is a push for them to `hijack' the BRA from leaders on the ground.

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Departing PMG Boss Positive on Peace

THE Commanding Officer of the Peace Monitoring Group, Brigadier Bruce Osborn is positive that the peace process is progressing well towards reconciliation.

Speaking at the first meeting of the Peace Consultative Committee meeting in Arawa this week, Brigadier Osborn, who leaves for home shortly, said the Arawa Neutral Zone required careful management to ensure the PNGDF and the mobile force remained withing the guidelines established during the April ceasefire. He also highlighted among other issues, a need for the government to closely monitor incidences of law and order and alcohol abuse. "While there is some uncertainty as to what arrangements have been put in place for the end of the year, the peace process continues to make progress at both the grass roots and higher levels" he said.

The committee, formed out of the signing of the cease-fire in April, sets the tone for the establishment of the Bougainville Reconciliation Government scheduled for mid-1999. Key players from the BRA, BIG and Resistance sat alongside representatives of the PNG Government, the Australian High Commission, the New Zealand, Fiji and Vanuatu governments at the Arawa meeting.

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B'ville Leaders to Meet Today

RABAUL: Leaders of the parties to the Bougainville conflict will meet today in Buka to discuss important outstanding issues concerning the peace process.

Among the issues to be discussed will be the confirmation of a date and venue for the leaders' meeting. Overseas based rebel technical officer, Martin Miriori, when confirming today's meeting said last night from their headquarters in Kieta, Central Bougainville, that the confirmation of the leaders' meeting was discussed at the two-day Peace Process Consultative Committee (PPCC) meeting in Arawa this week but it was referred to the consultative meeting.

Bougainville Premier Gerard Sinato's office yesterday confirmed today's meeting in Buka. Mr Sinato's executive officer, Robert Tapi said all four Bougainville MPs - John Momis (Regional), Michael Ogio (North Bougainville), Michael Laimo (South Bougainville) and Sam Akoitai (Central Bougainville) arrived from Port Moresby yesterday to attend the meeting.

Mr Miriori who described the PPCC meeting, which had started on Wednesday and ended yesterday in Arawa, as a breakthrough after the meeting had been delayed due to misunderstanding amongst the parties, said the rebel faction will include a delegation of 19 people at today's meeting. Rebel leaders Joseph Kabui and Sam Akoitai will lead the delegation.

Mr Miriori said apart from the leader's meeting, today's consultative meeting will also discuss the election of the Bougainville Reconciliation Government at length. The Bougainville Reconciliation Government was originally proposed to be elected into office in December in line with the Lincoln Agreement but this was deferred to March next year. Mr Kabui said recently that the rebels would take the reconciliation government as a step in their transitional process towards independence.

Mr Miriori said that a 10-member committee was formed in a recent PPCC meeting on Sohano Island to look at the structure of the reconciliation government, adding that it (proposed structure) will have to meet all parties interests before being approved for election to take place. Mr Miriori said other issues which are expected to be discussed today include disarmament, total withdrawal of the security forces from Bougainville, and reconstruction and restoration of services and infrastructure facilities on the island, mainly on Central and South Bougainville.

Source: The National (PNG) - 9 October 98 - By PHILIP KEPSON

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B'ville Leaders to Discuss Unity

PORT MORESBY: Bougainville leaders from both government and rebel factions will meet in Buka tomorrow to discuss the formation of a unified government for the trouble-torn island.

Head of the Bougainville Transitional Government Gerard Sinato said the leaders meeting followed the National Parliament's decision to extend the term of BTG. "While the Bougainville leaders welcome the extension of BTG, the leaders feel that more consultation among leaders is necessary to look at latest proposals on the formation of the Bougainville Reconciliation Government" he said. One of the proposals that the leaders will be discussing this Friday is the joint statement by the Bougainville parliamentarians which contains a recommended package on the formation of the BRG as of January 1st 1999. "In fact, we have asked our parliamentarians to come and explain the package of the people of Bougainville" Mr Sinato said.

The one-day meeting of the leaders will be held at the Hutjena High School. Rebel leaders Joseph Kabui and Sam Kauona and their overseas representatives, Martin Miriori and Moses Havini, are expected to attend the meeting.

Source: The National (PNG) - 7 Oct 98

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Meeting to Clarify Ceasefire

THE first peace process consultative committee meeting will be held in Arawa today.

The committee was established under the ceasefire agreement as a mechanism for screening and clarifying issues arising from the Lincoln Agreement. The functions of the committee are to:

The membership of the committee includes representatives from the United Nations, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Vanuatu, PNG Government, BTG, BIG, BRA and Resistance.

Source: POSTCOURIER - 7 Oct 98

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West Papuans Regroup to March

AFTER 11 years of being fragmented and divided, West Papuan communities in PNG have reconciled and re-activated their organisation with more focus towards their struggle for independence.

In a very emotional function organised by the newly established Sunset Social and Cultural Association on Sunday, leaders of various independent factions pledged their commitments to unite their talents and resources towards the cause they had struggled for, for 35 years.

The West Papua movement was very active in the early 1980s to the day a leader, Ben Joku was killed by another countryman for unknown reasons. The murder caused distrust and infighting resulting in division among West Papuan communities into smaller and more fragmented (unorganised) factions leading to their independence struggle dying away. But these differences were put aside on Sunday with pledges to work together to achieve a common cause. This meeting was arranged by SSCA which comprise new generation and educated West Papuans in Papua New Guinea.

Long time PNG resident Franzalbert Joku said this was an unfortunate incident that had divided the communities. But the young generation had created a way for all to unite again and fight for the cause and the Joku clan which severed ties with the community after the death of Mr Joku is pleased to be back. "I made an oath not to have anything to do with you ... but I am now back" he said adding "we are West Papuans and we are also Papua New Guineans ... we can stay here and should not be answerable to the Indonesian and PNG governments".

SSCA executive asked for support from the older generation to help in the struggle for the cause. They cited a text in the Bible talking about "Moses leading his people for 40 years to see the promised land ... we are in the 35th year of struggle and there are five more years to go". They said the new generation is serious about who they are but in the search for independence for West Papua the older generation had forgotton them.

The task force believe that 50 West Papuans put together will come up with one brilliant idea ... and the new generation of West Papuans have advanced in terms of education and are all experts in their own fields. "And this expertise is just sufficant to be utilised to fight for the cause" said President Frank Makanuey. "We ask you to please support us ... you had 35 years you wasted by fighting each other and trying to out-do each other instead of fighting one common enemy and have not won the war yet". "We should think globally and act locally ... advertise the West Papuan cause to sway public opinion and change your attitudes."

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Bouganville Peace Talks Resume

RABAUL: The Bougainville peace process consultative committee will meet today in Arawa to discuss, among other issues, a date for the next round of the leader's talks.

Rebel leaders Joseph Kabui and Sam Kauona left for Arawa yesterday morning. Spokesman Andrew Miriki said as they regarded the meeting as an important avenue for pushing outstanding matters. Their overseas representatives Martin Miriori, Mike Foster and Moses Haiviai had also made effort to attend the meeting.

Miriki said the rebels will not introduce any new items at the meeting. However, they will express concern about certain comments from the PNG Government and Opposition that were considered disrespectful towards the peace process. He said the peace committee was established under the Lincoln Agreement and it was disappointing to see leaders arguing about issues such as possible constitutional amendments to the organic law to cater for the reconciliation government. "I must say we are disappointed that the Government has gone to some lengths in making certain decisions without the consultation of the PPCC" he said. One example is the gazetting of the constitutional amendments on the organic law to extend the term of Bougainville Transitional Government.

Likewise, the Opposition, led by their leader Bernard Narokobi, has also gone out of the spirit of the peace process to make certain political scoring point remarks. "This, in fact, will be a major concern that will be raised at this meeting." Miriki said leaders would contribute meaningfully to the peace proces through the committee and not the media. He said there must be understanding among parties involved in the peace process towards reaching a favourable solution. "We have made a commitment to pursue all matters through a consultative process during the Lincoln agreement and we stand by that" Miriki said.

The Government delegation to the peace talks will be led by Bougainville Affairs Minister Sam Akoita and will include Department Secretary Bill Dilm and Defence Force Commander Brigadier General Leo Nuia. The talks will end on Friday.

Source: The National (PNG) - 7 Oct. 98

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Skate says Inquiry has not Cleared Sir Julius

PORT MORESBY: Prime Minister Bill Skate yesterday dismissed as "incorrect" claims by his predecessor Sir Julius Chan that the second Sandline Commission of Inquiry had cleared him.

He said the inquiry had not fully vindicated the former Prime Minister, adding, if anything, it had highlighted the need to set up the proposed Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). "This report raises several questions about Sir Julius' evidence, particularly where his relationship with Nick Violaris is concerned" Mr Skate said. "There is also the manner in which the contract was increased from US$30 million to US$36 million, apparently without Sir Julius Chan's knowledge. This is extraordinary." "The ultimate responsibility for the Sandline affair rests squarely on the shoulders of the former Prime Minister. It is safe to say that people who are aware of Sir Julius Chan's style of government find it incredible that he was not in total control of the operation or that he was not fully briefed at all stages."

The Prime Minister noted that the improper drawing of K50 million (in lots of K500,000) so as to avoid seeking the Governor General's approval should have been questioned by the former Prime Minister. "Sir Julius Chan, as Prime Minister, is ultimately responsible for the conduct of all of his ministers and it was part of his responsibility to be fully aware of what was happening in Government" Mr Skate said. He also said Sir Julius "stands clear of his former deputy Chris Haiveta who is bearing the full brunt of public scrutiny in pleading his innocence".

In relation to former Defence Force commander Jerry Singirok, Mr Skate said the former Namatanai MP could not understand that rightly or wrongly, Mr Singirok had prevented "a terrible catastrophe" from occuring against the people of Bougainville. He called on the public to make their own judgement in light of the known facts of Sir Julius' form of government.

Mr Skate called on Sir Julius "to get off his soapbox of bitterness" and support the Government's initiatives to cleanse the wrongdoings of the past. "The (two) Sandline inquiries are just the tip of the iceberg in this Government's attempts to get to the bottom of so many wrongdoings of the past" he said. "Our great nation of Papua New Guinea has been plundered and pillaged by a scattering of politicians and corrupt leaders and we want this sad chapter cleaned up and closed."

Source: The National (PNG) - 7 October 98

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Akoitai Case Ousted

BOUGAINVILLE Affairs Minister Sam Akoitai has called on all Bougainvilleans to set aside their differences and work towards achieving permanent peace on the troubled island.

"I have not relented from the purpose for which I stood for elections - peace on Bougainville despite the appeal against my winning of the Central Bougainville seat" he said. "Now that the court has made its decision, I appeal to all Bougainvilleans, especially the Central Bougainville people to accept the decision, lay aside our differences and work whole heartedly on the most pressing issue which is achieving permanent peace."

Mr Akoitai's comments followed the National Court's decision to dismiss on Friday, the election petition by Dr Benedict Pisi challenging the validity of his election. He said he was relieved that the court had made its ruling and was also pleased about the turnout of the decision as all four Bougainville MPs - John Momis (Regional), Michael Laimo (South), Michael Ogio (North) and himself have recently reached an amicable understanding to work together on changes leading up to formation of the Bougainville Reconciliation Government.

Judge Moses Jalina dismissed the three main grounds of allegations on illegal practice, undue influence using threats and errors and omissions on the part of the Electoral Commission for lack of evidence. Judge Jalina found there was no evidence of physical threats or threatening words by Mr Akoitai to influence voters or that the commission's cancellation of election for security reasons had denied people's right to vote because eligible voters did no give evidence of turning up and being unable to vote due to cancellation.

Mr Akoitai was also alleged to have used a PNG Defence Force Helicopter to transport ballots boxes to his Togalau village to collect 462 extra votes which enabled him to win. Judge Jalina found there was no dispute to Mr Akoitai's evidence that the helicopter belonged to Heli-Lift and was carrying polling officials including security force members. Justice Jalina found also that Mr Akoitai had armed himself with a PNGDF issued SLR Rifle at Wakunai on June 18, 1997 to protect himself after the BRA had attacked there and not to threaten voters as alleged.

Source: POSTCOURIER - 6 OCT 98

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Mobility restriction call for Bougainville

DEPUTY Opposition Leader Chris Haiveta has called on the Government to put in place strict security measures to control movement of people in and out of Bougainville.

He said far too many people were traveling into Bougainville with little security surveillance and checks to establish the nature of their visit. "My fear is that if we continue to allow people to move freely in and out of Bougainville without keeping a check on the purpose of their visit and what organisations they represent, we are making a serious mistake" Mr Haiveta said. He said the peace process is still very fragile and there was no need for the Government to order security forces to lay down arms because the BRA and other leaders have not lived up to their commitment to lay down arms. Mr Haiveta was commenting after Parliament granted extension of BTG and set up of Bougainville Reconciliation Government.

He claimed that sea and air routes between Port Moresby and Buka were not being checked for movement of arms and suggested security surveillance at various checkpoints.

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Bill to Extend BTG Term Wins First Round

PORT MORESBY: The Peace Process Consultative Committee (PPCC) will soon meet in Buka or Arawa to set the date for the all-important Bougainville Leaders' Meeting (BLM) later this month to decide the composition of the interim Bougainville Reconciliation Government (BRG).

This follows the successful passage by Parliament yesterday of a bill to amend the Constitution in relation to the Bougainville Transitional Government (BTG). This is the first vote. The second and final votes will be taken during the November session of Parliament.

The bill required a three-quarters absolute majority of 83 votes and MPs unanimously supported it, voting 87-nil.

On Wednesday, the House fell short by two votes on two separate occasions to pass the proposed law. However, it easily enacted - again on the first vote - another related amendment to the Organic Law on Provincial and Local level Governments which required a two-thirds absolute majority of 73 votes.

The BLM is important to give impetus to the bipartisan package agreed to between the four Bougainville MPs - John Momis (Regional), Michael Ogio (North), Sam Akoitai (Central) and Michael laimo (South) - Special State Negotiator Sir John Kaputin, the Government and the Opposition. Both sides will draft and gazette additional amendments before the November sitting. The amendments will include membership of the parties in the current crisis including the separatist rebels and resistance force. The package ensures that Bougainville does not come under the provincial government reforms automatically at the end of the year as provided by the Constitution and the Organic Law. This is necessary to enable the people to play a direct and active role in determining their new Constitution, including membership to the BRG Assembly. If everything goes according to plan, a democratically elected BRG should be in place by the end of June next year.

Prime Minister Bill Skate described the new initiative as "a practical example of bipartisanship in action". "The package is a direct result of the initiative and unity displayed by the four Bougainville MPs. It builds on the unity and initiative among Bougainvilleans which has produced the Burnham Truce, the Lincoln Agreement and the Ceasefire Agreement" he said. "It provides a model that should be followed by other leaders and people on the ground as we move from making peace by peaceful means to making peace work so that peace will last" he said.

Mr Skate thanked all those involved in facilitating the package. "In laying the groundwork for the BRG, the package provided a sound basis for the progressive political settlement by which my Government hopes to resolve outstsanding issues. The process depends on cooperation between all parties, early elections and the active involvement of leaders who are both chosen by and accountable to the people" he said. It was now up the the leaders on the ground to consult and meet with Sir John and others to finalise changes to the provincial constitution, he said. "The package is a step forward, the product of a shared determination to keep the peace process moving in the right direction ... The initiative and unity from which it arises is an example and a challenge to us all to cooperate so that the peace process gains momentum" Mr Skate said.

Source: The National (PNG) - 2 Oct 98

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Reveal Plans for new B'ville Govt, MPs told

PORT MORESBY: Bougainville Transitional Government and Bougainville Interim Government leaders yesterday called on their four national MPs to immediately travel to the island and tell the people about arrangements for the establishment of the interim Bougainville Reconciliation Government.

BTG Premier Gerard Sinato and BIG Vice President Joseph Kabui said in a joint statement they have not been consulted on the arrangement announced on Tuesday. "The recommended package is sensitive and need a massive awareness because the people of Bougainville are focusing on the implementation of the Lincoln Agreement under which the parties have agreed to form the Bougainville Reconciliation Government" they said.

The Buin Declaration of the Pan Bougainville leaders congress reaffirms the need to immediately establish the BRG by the end of 1998, be it elected, appointed or both. There is no provision in the Lincoln Agreement that talks about an interim BRG that will operate until the BRG is established in the middle of 1999. "We have not been consulted by the Bougainville national Parliamentarians on the package." The two leaders said they welcomed the decision to convene a meeting in October for all the parties with the special state negotiator for Bougainville, Sir John Kaputin.

Source: The National (PNG) - 1 Oct 98 - By CYRIL GARE

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Three MPs Dare B'ville Rebels on Peace Claims

PORT MORESBY: Three prominent MPs yesterday challenged Bougainvillean leaders, especially the rebels, to tell the nation if they were genuine about peace.

Opposition Leader Bernard Narokobi, Foreign Affairs Minister Roy Yaki and East Sepik Governor Sir Michael Somare told Parliament the people of Bougainville and Papua New Guinea had suffered enough. This is the first time that three national leaders from both sides of the House spoke frankly on how they feel about the 10-year crisis.

Messrs Narokobi, Yaki and Somare were talking during the debate on two constitutional amendments to extend the term of the Bougainville Transitional Government. Mr Narokobi was angry that the Government had failed to adhere to Parliament's bipartisan approach on Bougainville and consult the Opposition on the proposed extension. He said he would not support the bills. But he was equally angry at the rebels and rebel political leadership for continuously threatening and questioning the unity, independence and sovereignty of PNG and refusing to negotiate a peaceful solution.

Mr Narokobi said the Government had failed to conduct a census on Bougainville for elections, provide an indicative development program for funding by foreign donors and get the rebels to lay down arms. "We're not in this game to support incompetence, indecisiveness, wishy-washiness ... We're in the game of political decision-making" he shouted at the Government. Referring to the bipartisan package for peace, he continued: "If the rebels continue to make unilateral declarations of independence, count me out. They must be made to agree to a political package or we're cancelling everything. PNG is one country. If they want a piece of it, they must come to the negotiating table."

Mr Narokobi said many lives and millions of kina had been lost as a result of the crisis and asked how long the people were going to suffer. Mr Yaki said many people throughout the country had suffered due to inadequate services like education, health and rundown roads, adding he agreed with Mr Narokobi that the Bougainville problem was a "contributing factor". He said he recognised the genuineness of some Bougainvillean leaders and the desire of the ordinary people but he was concerned about the impact on provinces like his own Southern Highlands. "I wish to register that there will come a time when Papua New Guineans will question - for how long can we prolong this?"

Mr Yaki said he failed to see why the leaders had failed, time and again, to meet as provided for by the Lincoln Agreement. "Is it because there is continuous disagreement among the factions? Or is it because Francis Ona cannot be brought to the negotiating table? It seems that a family is holding everybody to ransom? I think this is a challenge where Papua New Guineans will have to say, enough is enough" he said. He said he hoped the constitutional amendments would lead to a solution, adding that leaders like Martin Miriori and others who lived overseas probably did not heed the people suffering in other provinces as a result of the conflict. "We're where we are because the Bougainville problem has been a contributing factor" he said.

Sir Michael said the Government had done everything possible, including imposing a ceasefire and withdrawing Defence Force and Police personnel to pursue peace while the rebels continue to carry arms. He appealed to the leaders that if they wanted peace, they must lay down their arms and come to the negotiating table. Peace was necessary, especially to provide education to the children after 10 years of conflict, Sir Michael said. "We have done out part and we want them to do likewise" he said.

Imbonggu MP Pila Niningi said the rebel leaders were questioning the integrity of the Constitution.

Source: IN PARLIAMENT - By NEVILLE TOGAREWA & ISAAC NICHOLAS

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Australian Troops Leave for Bougainville

Another group of Australian defence force personnel leaves today, to serve with the Peace Monitoring Group on the Papua New Guinea island of Bougainville.

Graeme Virgo reports, it's the fourth rotation of troops since the operation began last November. There are 66 service people in this latest group, drawn from all over Australia to spend four months in Bougainville. They join troops representing New Zealand, Fiji, Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands, who also work with civilian peace monitors.

In preparing for their role the army and RAAF team has been learning the local Pidgin language and receiving briefings on the poltical situation in the province which has been wracked by civil war. The main mission is to monitor and report on compliance with the cease-fire agreement, signed in April.

Source: Radio Australia - 1 October 98 - 09:15:01 1998(AEST)

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Contact Details:

BFM - Bougainville Freedom Movement (Coordination in Australia):
VIKKI JOHN - e-mail: V.John@uts.edu.au
P.O. Box 134, Erskineville NSW 2043, Australia, Phone +61-2-9558-2730

BIG - Bougainville Interim Government
MOSES HAVINI (International Political Representative in Asia/Pacific)
PO Box 134, Erskinville, NSW 2043, Australia
tuluan@ar.com.au Phone/Fax +61-2-9804-7632 , Mobile +61-(0)414-226-428

MARTIN MIRIORI (International BIG Secretary in Europe, NL)
e-mail: UNPOnl@antenna.nl (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Org.)
Phone +31-55-577-99-60 , Fax +31-55-577-99-39

MAX WATTS - (specialised Journalist) email: RosieK@bigpond.com
P.O. Box 98, Annandale NSW 2038, Australia
Phone +61-2-9564-1147 , Phone/Fax +61-2-9818-2343 (work)